Kidney Disease

Primary Care Health Clinic

Primary Care Practice located in Pico Union and West Adams, Los Angeles, CA

Kidney disease is serious and even fatal if left untreated. That’s why early detection and treatment is crucial to maintain a high quality of life. At Primary Care Health Clinic in the Pico-Union area of Los Angeles, primary care physician assistant Ndika Fomukong, FNP, PA-C, and his experienced staff help prevent, diagnose, and treat kidney disease before it leads to serious complications. Schedule an appointment with Primary Care Health Clinic by phone or online today.

Kidney Disease Q & A

What is kidney disease?

Kidney disease occurs when your kidneys don’t function as they should. Your kidneys filter waste and fluid from your blood and excrete them in urine to keep you healthy. When waste products build up in the blood over time, serious complications can arise.

What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

In the early stages of kidney disease you might not have symptoms at all. Once the disease progresses, however, you may experience:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Changes in the volume of urine
  • Sleeping problems
  • Swelling in your ankles and feet
  • Shortness of breath or chest pain
  • Muscle cramps or twitches
  • Mental fatigue
  • Constant itching

Some signs and symptoms of kidney disease may also indicate other chronic diseases, such as heart disease. Check in with the Primary Care Health Clinic team as soon as you experience new or alarming symptoms.

What are the risk factors for kidney disease?

The following factors can increase your risk of developing kidney disease.

  • Older age
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney structure abnormalities

To reduce your risk of developing kidney disease, follow the instructions when taking over-the-counter medications, avoid taking too many pain relievers, maintain a healthy weight, avoid smoking, and seek Primary Care Health Clinic's help to manage additional chronic diseases.

What is the treatment for kidney disease?

To diagnose kidney disease your provider reviews your medical history, completes an exam, and may recommend urine, blood, or imaging tests or a kidney biopsy. If you have kidney disease your provides discusses treatment options with you, which might include:

Dietary changes

Making dietary changes can help prevent kidney disease from progressing. Limiting your sodium and protein intake, and choosing lower potassium foods whenever possible.


If you have complications from kidney disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, fluid retention, anemia, or low bone density, the Primary Care Health Clinic team might prescribe medications to manage these medical conditions.


If kidney disease progresses you might require dialysis, which uses a machine to artificially filter waste products and fluids from your blood and reduce the workload of your kidneys.

Kidney transplant

In severe cases of kidney disease, a kidney transplant might be necessary to restore kidney function and improve your quality of life.

Possible future treatments may involve regenerative medicine, or using stem cells to regenerate diseased kidney tissue. 

To prevent kidney disease or reduce the risk of disease progression, schedule an appointment with Primary Care Health Clinic by phone or online today.